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Exploring the Top Causes of Falls: What You Need to Know


Man walking on uneven surfaces

Man walking with a tripping hazard


GENERAL CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS

Previous falls

Reduced vision

Unsteady gait

Decreased mental status (Dementia)

Furniture design

Poor lighting

Improper or poor fitting footwear

Improper use of cane or walker

Lack of use of cane or walker

Wet floors

Cluttered areas

Loose rugs or carpeting

DIAGNOSIS OR MEDICAL CONDITIONS THAT INCREASE RISK OF FALLS

Cardiac arrhythmias (Afib)

TIA (mini stroke)

CVA/Stroke

Parkinson’s Disease

Delirium

Dementia

Depression

Leg weakness

History of fractures (breaks)

Use of cane or walker

Orthostatic hypotension

Incontinence of bowel and/or bladder

Dehydration

Dizziness

MEDICATIONS THAT CAN INCREASE FALLS

Diuretics -

Lopressor HCT, Bumex, Lasix, Zaroxolyn

Analgesics -

Pain medication, aspirin, NSAIDs

Hypnotics/Tranquilizers -

Diazepam, Valium, Clozapine, Seroquel, Permitil

Serotonin-reuptake inhibitors -

Prozac, Lexapro, Marijuana

Class 1A antiarrhythmic medications -

Norpace, Toprol-XL, Lopressor, Digitek, Cardizem, Vascor

*Combination of multiple medications


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